新年未过两天,台湾就传来突发新闻——台湾空军一架载有多名台湾高官的UH-60M黑鹰直升机2日上午在宜兰新北交界处山区坠毁,事故造成包括“参谋总长”沈一鸣在内8人遇难身亡,5人生还。

Two days after the new year, news broke in Taiwan - a UH-60M Black Hawk helicopter carrying a number of top Taiwanese officials crashed in a mountainous area on the morning of Tuesday, killing eight people, including \"Chief of Staff\" Shen Yiming.

自从1937年购入最后一批战斗机之后,国军空军就在接下来的数十年中与法制战机无缘。不过这样的情况在1992年有了根本性的改变。

Since the acquisition of the last fighter jets in 1937, the Air Force has been without a rule-of-law fighter for decades. Nevertheless, the situation changed radically in 1992.

1992年9月5日,借由购置法制“拉斐特”级护卫舰所开辟的军售渠道,经长时间地下磋商,法国政府终于正式同意向台湾出售价值约37亿美元的48架单座“幻影2000-5Ei”及12架双座“幻影2000-5Di”型战斗机,以及附属的武器、弹药和支援器材一批,代号“飞龙专案”。

On 5 September 1992, the French Government formally agreed to sell Taiwan 48 single-seater Mirage 2000-5Ei and 12 double-seater Mirage 2000-5Di fighter jets, as well as a batch of attached weapons, ammunition and support equipment, for a period of lengthy underground consultations, to Taiwan.

对于台湾空军来说,成功购买“幻影”机无疑是一个巨大的胜利,但也是一个更艰巨的挑战——自从抗战爆发后,国军空军就长期以美式战机和教育训练体系为根本,对欧洲国家的空军军备知之甚少。

For Taiwan's air force, the successful purchase of the Mirage is undoubtedly a huge victory, but it is also a more formidable challenge – since the outbreak of the War of Resistance, the Air Force has long been based on American-style warplanes and educational and training systems, and knows little about the armaments of the Air Force in European countries.

为了切实执行好这次换装法制“幻影2000”战斗机的任务,台湾空军经过精心选拔,派出了谙熟法语,时任新竹基地第499联队少将联队长葛光越(空军官校50期毕业,曾担任空军中将副总司令)为首的团队,组成“飞龙专案”小组,在巴黎设立了办公室,准备密切监督协调“幻影”机的交货和换装训练过程。

In order to effectively carry out the task of changing the legal system \"Mirage 2000\" fighter aircraft, the Taiwan Air Force, after careful selection, dispatched a team headed by Major General Ge Guangyue, then commander of Unit 499 of Hsinchu Base (graduated from Air Force Officer School for 50th term, served as Deputy Commander of the Air Force), headed by a team headed by Major Ge Guangyue, who formed the\" Flying Dragon Project \"team and set up an office in Paris to closely supervise and coordinate the delivery of the Mirage aircraft and the training process.

这些通过精挑细选的种子飞行员大多是前F-104飞行员,早已习惯了“星战士”固有的机械液压操作系统,对“幻影2000”先进的电传操作系统几乎一无所知。更令人感到不便的是,双方之间的语言及文化障碍也为初期理论学习增添了不少麻烦。一般来说,这些台湾空军飞行员大都能说流利的英语,但是基本对法语一窍不通;而法国教官的英语往往带有浓重的法语腔,经常让人听得一头雾水。除此之外,学习法军简略却难懂的“幻影”战机操作手册也让这些习惯了详尽的美式手册的外来客们备感吃不消。

These carefully selected seed pilots, mostly former F-104 pilots, have long been accustomed to the \"Star Wars\" inherent mechanical hydraulic operating system, with little knowledge of the \"Phantom 2000\" advanced telex operating system. What is more inconvenient is that the language and cultural barriers between the two sides also add a lot of trouble to the initial theoretical study. In general, these taiwan air force pilots are mostly fluent in english, but they know almost nothing about french; the english of french instructors tends to have a strong french accent, often confusing. In addition, the study of the french army's brief but hard-to-understand \"phantom\" fighter manual also makes these accustomed to the detailed american-style manual outsiders feel overwhelmed.

为了加快学习进度,这些台军飞行员不得不利用课余时间统一组织起来,让法语较好的成员帮助成绩较差的“后进生”补课。

To speed up their study, the taiwanese pilots had to use their spare time to organize the better members of french to help the underachievers.

沈一鸣中校于1979年以第一名的成绩毕业于空军官校60期,此后一帆风顺,在短短十余年间就凭借过人的能力和学识,从中尉飞行员做到了中校中队长。

Colonel shen yiming graduated first in 1979 from the air force officer academy 60, has been smooth sailing since then, in just over ten years on the basis of superior ability and knowledge, from the pilot to the captain.

在进入第499联队服役前,沈一鸣还曾被秘密选入极端机密的“大漠计划”之中,前往当时与台湾尚有邦交的沙特阿拉伯担任F-5E/F战机教官,培训沙特飞行员前往也门作战。因此,沈一鸣刚刚从台“国防大学”空军学院81年班毕业即被选为“幻影”战机换装种子教官领队,也属情理之中。

Before entering the 499th regimental service, Shen Yiming was also secretly selected into the ultra-confidential \"Desert Project\" to travel to Saudi Arabia, where there were diplomatic relations with Taiwan, to serve as an F-5E\/F instructor and train Saudi pilots to fight in Yemen. Therefore, it is reasonable that Shen Yiming had just graduated from the 81-year class of the Air Force Academy of Taiwan \"National Defense University\" when he was chosen as the leader of the seed instructor of the \"Mirage\" fighters.

1996年8月,这些台军飞行员总算是按时完成了理论学习,随即在领队沈一鸣中校的带领下前往上马蒙空军基地,开始正式的换装飞行训练。至1997年4月为止,第一批种子教官已经完成了“幻影”战机的换装训练。

In august 1996, the thai pilots finally completed their theoretical study on time, and then, led by colonel shen yiming, went to the mameng air force base to begin formal training for the flight. By April 1997, the first seed instructors had completed the training of the Mirage fighters.

除了前面提到的沈一鸣中校之外,后担任台空军“政治作战部”中将主任的郑荣丰也位列其中。毕业于空军官校第75期的郭燕荣少校和毕业于77期的柳惠千少校(后先后担任第499联队长和蔡英文的少将副侍卫长一职,因“私烟案”而离职)还额外被选为“幻影2000”战机的特技种子飞行员,由法军教官专门进行一对一的空中特技飞行训练。

In addition to the aforementioned colonel shen yiming, zheng rongfeng, who later served as general of the air force's \"political operations department \", was among them. Major Guo Yanrong, who graduated from the 75th issue of the Air Force Academy, and Major Liu Huiqian, who graduated from the 77th phase (later serving as the 499th United captain and Major General Tsai Ing-wen's deputy captain, who left his post because of the \"private smoke case \") were also selected as stunt seed pilots of the Mirage 2000 fighter, with a pair of aerobatics specially trained by the Army instructors.

1997年5月5日,第一批5架“幻影2000”(2架单座机、3架双座机,机身编号2002、2004、2055、2056及2058)由海运方式运抵花莲港码头。经过组装和短暂的调试后,第一架“幻影”于5月23日在种子教官暨第499联队中校作战科长沈耀文的驾驶下飞抵新竹空军基地,并于6月2日在空军总司令黄显荣上将的主持下举行了正式的接机典礼。随后,其余的55架“幻影”也陆续由海运抵达花莲,最后一批飞机抵达的时间是1998年10月28日,前后共耗费约一年半。

On 5 May 1997, the first batch of five \"Mirage 2000\"(2 single-seaters,3 double-seaters, fuselage numbers 2002,2004,2055,2056 and 2058) were delivered by sea to Hualian Port Pier. After assembly and brief commissioning, the first \"phantom\" flew to Hsinchu Air Force Base on May 23 under the pilot of the seeding instructor and Lieutenant Colonel Shen Yaowen of the 499th United, and a formal pick-up ceremony was held on June 2 under the auspices of Air Force Commander General Huang Xianrong. Subsequently, the remaining 55\" phantoms \"have been arrived in Hualian by sea, the last batch of aircraft arrived on October 28,1998, a total of about a year and a half before and after.

第一支接收“幻影”战斗机的是41中队,该中队于1997年12月1日完成了换装训练。随后,第42中队于1998年11月26日正式宣布形成战斗力。最后一个改装完毕“幻影2000”的单位是第48中队,该中队于2001年5月10日宣布换装训练完毕。同日,第499联队宣布正式形成战斗力。

The first to receive the \"Phantom\" fighter was the 41 squadron, which completed its shift training on 1 December 1997. Subsequently, the 42nd squadron officially declared its combat effectiveness on 26 November 1998. The last unit to complete the \"Phantom 2000\" was the 48th squadron, which announced on 10 May 2001 that it had completed its dressing. On the same day, the 499th United announced its formal combat effectiveness.

换装有功的沈一鸣中校很快就在1999年接任第499联队飞行大队(第11飞行大队)上校大队长的职务,并且获得了前往美国空军战争学院进修的机会。在2002年从学院战略学硕士毕业后,沈一鸣转往空军测试与作战中心任职,次年获得了担任驻外武官一职的机会。

Colonel shen yiming, who was dressed for meritorious service, soon took over the post of captain of the 499th united flight brigade (11th flight brigade) in 1999 and was given the opportunity to study at the u.s. air force war academy. After graduating from the college's master's degree in strategy in 2002, mr. shen moved to the air force's testing and operations center, where he was given the opportunity to serve as a foreign military attache the following year.

2005年,沈一鸣上校返回第499联队,担任副联队长。2006年,沈一鸣晋升少将,担任第499联队长。从2007年起,沈一鸣少将先后就任台湾“国防部”“参谋主任”、“参谋本部作战计划处助理次长”、“空军司令部副参谋长”和“参谋本部情报参谋次长”等职,并于2011年1月1日晋升空军中将,担任“空军作战指挥部指挥官”一职(2011年10月就任)。

In 2005, Colonel Shen Yiming returned to the 499th United Nations as deputy commander. In 2006, shen yiming was promoted to major general as captain of the 499th joint team. Since 2007, Major General Shen Yiming has successively assumed the posts of \"Ministry of Defence\" and \"Chief of Staff \",\" Assistant Second Chief of the Operations Planning Branch of the Staff Headquarters \",\" Deputy Chief of Staff of the Air Force Command\" and \"Deputy Chief of the Intelligence Staff of the Staff Headquarters \", and has been promoted to the post of\" Air Force Command Commander \"on 1 January 2011(assumed in October 2011).

随后,沈一鸣中将更是青云直上,还先后担任了“参谋本部副参谋总长”(2013年)、“空军司令部二级上将司令”(2015年),“国防部军政副部长”(2016年),并最终于2019年7月担任“参谋总长”(二级上将军衔)一职。

Subsequently, Lieutenant General Shen Yiming was even more up the ladder, having served as \"Deputy Chief of Staff \"(2013),\" Commander of the Air Force Command II \"(2015) and\" Deputy Military and Military Minister of the Ministry of Defence \"(2016), and eventually in July 2019 as \"Chief of Staff \"(rank II).

还值得一提的是,随着“幻影”战斗机的列装,新竹第499联队(现恢复番号为第二联队)出身的飞行员也顿时“身价倍增”。

It is also worth noting that, with the``Phantom'' fighter set, the pilots of the 499(now being restored to the second team)are also``multiplied in value'' .

以往台空军有着“不三不四,不成空军”的说法,意为台空军司令一职多为出身第三(第427)和第四(第455)联队飞行员所垄断。而第499联队在新世纪连续出了雷玉其(空官54期)、刘震武(空官55期)、沈一鸣和张哲平(空官63期,现任“国防部副部长”)等四任“空军司令”(共同点都是担任过第499联队长一职),从而形成了新秀“幻影战机帮”派系。

In the past, the air force has a \"no three four, no air force,\" meaning that the air force commander is mostly from the third (427th) and fourth (455th) coalition pilots monopoly. In the new century, the 499th united forces continued to produce four \"air force commanders \", such as lei yuqi (air officer 54), liu zhenwu (air officer 55), shen yiming and zhang zheping (air officer 63), who are now\" deputy defence minister \").

耐人寻味的是,随着台空军计划在未来陆续购买额外66架美制F-16V战机方案出笼,许多台军方内部人士曾主张退役“幻影2000”战机以减轻维护成本(目前幻影战机的单位维护成本是IDF和F-16的4-5倍)。不过这种主张很快就被主掌台“国防部”的“幻象战机帮”“帮主”沈一鸣和张哲平(“副部长”)给否决了。

Intriguingly, as the air force plans to purchase an additional 66 U.S.-made F-16V aircraft in the future, many military insiders have argued for the decommissioning of the Mirage 2000 to reduce maintenance costs (currently 4-5 times the unit maintenance costs of the Mirage aircraft compared to the IDF and F-16). However, such claims were quickly rejected by Shen Yiming and Zhang Che-ping (\" Vice Minister \"), the visionary fighters of the Ministry of Defence.

此次沈一鸣上将坠机身亡,必将引发台军方人事的又一轮“洗牌”,“幻影2000”战机在台空军中前途也将再度摇摆不定起来。

The death of general shen yiming will surely trigger another round of military personnel \"shuffle \",\" phantom 2000\" aircraft in the air force in the future will also waver.

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