2019年12月30日,国家网信办等4部门联合发布《App违法违规收集使用个人信息行为认定方法》(简称《方法》),明确9种行为可被认定为“未经用户同意收集使用个人信息”。《方法》的出台,无疑为人民群众维权、监管者执法提供了有力保障。

On December 30,2019, four departments, including the State Network Information Office, jointly issued the \"App illegal collection and use of personal information behavior identification method \"(referred to as\" the method \"), making it clear that nine kinds of behavior can be identified as \"collection and use of personal information without the consent of users \". The introduction of the \"method \", no doubt for the people to protect rights, regulators to provide a strong guarantee of law enforcement.

  近年来,移动互联网应用程序(App)得到广泛应用,在促进经济社会发展、服务民生等方面发挥了重要作用。同时,App强制授权、过度索权、超范围收集个人信息等现象也大量存在,违法违规使用个人信息的问题十分突出,成为全社会普遍担忧的问题。

In recent years, mobile Internet application program (App) has been widely used, which has played an important role in promoting economic and social development and serving the people's livelihood. At the same time, App compulsory authorization, excessive claims, beyond the scope of personal information collection and other phenomena also exist in large numbers, the problem of illegal use of personal information is very prominent, become the general concern of the whole society.

  手机App过度采集个人信息呈现普遍趋势。根据2018年8月份中国消费者协会发布的《App个人信息泄露情况调查报告》,我国个人信息泄露总体情况比较严重,在共计5458份有效问卷中,有此遭遇的受访者占比达%。

Mobile App over-collection of personal information shows a general trend. According to the \"App personal Information Disclosure Survey report\" issued by the Chinese Consumer Association in August 2018, the overall situation of personal information leakage in China is relatively serious, and the proportion of respondents with this experience in a total of 5458 valid questionnaires reached%.

  大范围个人信息泄露引发了一系列违法犯罪行为。不法分子通过各种途径收集被泄露出去的个人信息,经过筛选分析用户特征,从事恶意注册账号、电信诈骗甚至绑架勒索等精准犯罪活动,严重威胁用户的生命财产安全。

A wide range of personal information leaks have triggered a series of illegal and criminal acts. Illegal elements through various ways to collect leaked personal information, after screening and analysis of user characteristics, engaged in malicious registration of accounts, telecommunications fraud and even kidnapping extortion and other precision criminal activities, seriously threatening the safety of users'lives and property.

  个人安全意识薄弱和监管不到位是手机App引发个人信息泄露的主要原因。一方面,消费者与手机App服务提供商之间往往处于不对等的地位,只能同意或被迫同意格式条款和信息获取权限;另一方面,消费者虽有自我保护意识,但缺乏有效的保护手段,不知如何有效保护自己。

Weak personal safety awareness and inadequate supervision are the main reasons for personal information disclosure caused by mobile App. On the one hand, consumers and mobile App service providers are often in an unequal position, can only agree or be forced to agree to the format terms and information access rights; on the other hand, consumers have a sense of self-protection, but lack effective means of protection, do not know how to effectively protect themselves.

  对于广大用户来说,该《方法》出台可以清晰了解App是否在违规收集个人信息,可以有针对性地借此维护自己的权益,并向有关部门举报,有利于增强其对网络空间的信心;对于监管部门而言,《方法》出台对认定某个App是否构成非法收集个人信息行为,有了科学依据,使得监管部门可有针对性地对App违规行为予以治理,有助于网络安全法的相关要求真正落地并见实效,一定程度上有利于行业有序健康发展。

For the majority of users, the method can clearly understand whether the App is illegally collecting personal information, can be targeted to protect their rights and interests, and to report to the relevant departments, in order to enhance their confidence in cyberspace; for the regulatory authorities, the method has a scientific basis for determining whether an App constitutes an illegal collection of personal information, so that the regulatory authorities can be targeted to the App violations to help the relevant requirements of the Cyber Security Law really landing and see the actual results, to a certain extent conducive to the orderly and healthy development of the industry.

  当然,网络监管和治理是一个系统性工程,不可能仅靠一个《方法》的出台就能彻底解决问题,加之不法分子受利益驱使,不断提高技术对抗能力逃避监管,打击App违法违规行为将是一项长期、复杂的工作。

Of course, network regulation and governance is a systematic project, cannot rely on the introduction of a \"method\" to solve the problem completely, coupled with the interests of lawbreakers, constantly improve the technical resilience to avoid regulation, the fight against App violations will be a long-term, complex work.

  因此,有关部门应保持对违规违法App的高压严打态势,适时开展专项整治,督促企业落实主体责任,并常态化公布App违规收集个人信息的典型案例,对其他企业起到警示作用。同时,国家层面要加快立法进度,健全相关法律法规,为行业长远发展提供稳健基础。(王轶辰)

Therefore, the relevant departments should maintain the situation of high pressure and severe crackdown on illegal App, timely carry out special rectification, urge enterprises to implement the main responsibility, and regularly publish the typical cases of personal information collection by App violations, which will play a warning role for other enterprises. At the same time, the state level should speed up the progress of legislation, improve relevant laws and regulations, and provide a sound basis for the long-term development of the industry. (Wang Yichen)


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