On December 30,2019, four departments, including the State Network Information Office, jointly issued the \"App illegal collection and use of personal information behavior identification method \"(referred to as\" the method \"), making it clear that nine kinds of behavior can be identified as \"collection and use of personal information without the consent of users \". The introduction of the \"method \", no doubt for the people to protect rights, regulators to provide a strong guarantee of law enforcement.
In recent years, mobile Internet application program (App) has been widely used, which has played an important role in promoting economic and social development and serving the people's livelihood. At the same time, App compulsory authorization, excessive claims, beyond the scope of personal information collection and other phenomena also exist in large numbers, the problem of illegal use of personal information is very prominent, become the general concern of the whole society.
Mobile App over-collection of personal information shows a general trend. According to the \"App personal Information Disclosure Survey report\" issued by the Chinese Consumer Association in August 2018, the overall situation of personal information leakage in China is relatively serious, and the proportion of respondents with this experience in a total of 5458 valid questionnaires reached%.
A wide range of personal information leaks have triggered a series of illegal and criminal acts. Illegal elements through various ways to collect leaked personal information, after screening and analysis of user characteristics, engaged in malicious registration of accounts, telecommunications fraud and even kidnapping extortion and other precision criminal activities, seriously threatening the safety of users'lives and property.
Weak personal safety awareness and inadequate supervision are the main reasons for personal information disclosure caused by mobile App. On the one hand, consumers and mobile App service providers are often in an unequal position, can only agree or be forced to agree to the format terms and information access rights; on the other hand, consumers have a sense of self-protection, but lack effective means of protection, do not know how to effectively protect themselves.
For the majority of users, the method can clearly understand whether the App is illegally collecting personal information, can be targeted to protect their rights and interests, and to report to the relevant departments, in order to enhance their confidence in cyberspace; for the regulatory authorities, the method has a scientific basis for determining whether an App constitutes an illegal collection of personal information, so that the regulatory authorities can be targeted to the App violations to help the relevant requirements of the Cyber Security Law really landing and see the actual results, to a certain extent conducive to the orderly and healthy development of the industry.
Of course, network regulation and governance is a systematic project, cannot rely on the introduction of a \"method\" to solve the problem completely, coupled with the interests of lawbreakers, constantly improve the technical resilience to avoid regulation, the fight against App violations will be a long-term, complex work.
Therefore, the relevant departments should maintain the situation of high pressure and severe crackdown on illegal App, timely carry out special rectification, urge enterprises to implement the main responsibility, and regularly publish the typical cases of personal information collection by App violations, which will play a warning role for other enterprises. At the same time, the state level should speed up the progress of legislation, improve relevant laws and regulations, and provide a sound basis for the long-term development of the industry. (Wang Yichen)