???????孩子能健康成长一直是父母的共同目标。但尽管父母可能为孩子营造了优良的生活环境,提供了高营养的饮食,但部分孩子的体质依然不尽如人意。有的孩子一遇气候变化,不是感冒发热,就是咳嗽气喘。虽经治疗后有所好转,但停药几天后又复发。如此反复发病,不仅造成孩子体质的下降,同时也让父母非常烦恼。

? ?? ?? ?? The healthy growth of children has always been a common goal of parents. But although parents may have created a good living environment for their children and provided a highly nutritious diet, some children's physique is still unsatisfactory. Some children encounter climate change, either cold fever, or cough asthma. Although after treatment has improved, but a few days after withdrawal relapse. Such repeated disease, not only cause the decline of children's physique, but also make parents very upset.

???????广州市中医医院副院长、主任中医师徐雯教授介绍,其实造成孩子反复生病的最主要原因是孩子的抵抗力下降,不能抵抗病邪的侵袭,且患病后调理不当,机体抗病能力尚未恢复即复感外邪,如此反复,造成身体素质进一步下降。

? ?? ?? ?? Professor xu wen, vice president and director of guangzhou chinese medicine hospital, said that the main reason for the child's repeated illness is that the child's resistance is reduced, unable to resist the invasion of disease evil, and improper conditioning after the illness, the body's disease resistance has not been restored to the external evil, so repeated, resulting in a further decline in physical fitness.

???????徐雯介绍,中医认为治病必求于本。小儿具有五脏六腑成而未全,全而未壮,且有“脾常不足”“肺脏娇弱”等生理特点。因此,防治小儿反复感冒要从预防着手,增强体质,注重健脾固肺,提高抗病能力,减少发病。

? ?? ?? ?? Xu Wen introduced that traditional Chinese medicine believes that the treatment of disease must be in this. Children with five viscera and incomplete, complete and not strong, and "spleen is often insufficient," lung delicate" and other physiological characteristics. Therefore, prevention and treatment of repeated colds in children should start from prevention, strengthen physique, pay attention to invigorating spleen and strengthening lung, improve disease resistance and reduce disease.

???????避免孩子被动吸烟,保持室内通风,空气清新。多到户外活动,最好是上午十时前晒晒太阳,持续一小时左右。经常感冒的小儿家中应尽量避免饲养带毛的宠物,尽量不使用羽绒类被服。

? ?? ?? ?? Avoid passive smoking of children, keep indoor ventilation and fresh air. More outdoor activities, it is best to bask in the sun before 10 a.m. for about an hour. Children who often catch cold should try to avoid keeping pets with hair, as far as possible do not use duvet clothing.

???????根据气候的变化,及时为小儿添减衣服,不要让孩子穿得过多,捂得太严,应适当让孩子经受冷、暖不同气候的刺激,增强其适应气候变化的能力。孩子活动后出汗应及时更换衣服。小儿发热时更应适当减少衣被,尤其是婴儿,因其体温调节中枢发育未完善,过多地包裹衣被可使散热减少,不利于退热。

? ?? ?? ?? According to the change of climate, add and reduce clothes for children in time, do not let children wear too much, cover too hard, should properly let children withstand cold, warm different climate stimulation, enhance their ability to adapt to climate change. The child sweats after the activity should change clothes in time. Children with fever should be more appropriate to reduce the quilt, especially infants, because their thermoregulation center is not fully developed, too much wrapped quilt can reduce heat dissipation, is not conducive to antipyretic.

???????中医有“正气内存,邪不可干,邪之所凑,其气必虚”的观点,说明了体质因素在发病过程中起主导作用,良好的体质是抵御疾病的重要条件。因此,家长还应注意加强小儿的身体锻炼,通过游戏、跑步、跳绳、踢皮球、游泳、溜冰等活动,增强其体质,降低其感冒的概率。

? ?? ?? ?? Traditional Chinese medicine has the viewpoint of "qi memory, evil cannot do, evil together, its qi must be empty ", which shows that physique factors play a leading role in the process of disease, good physique is an important condition to resist disease. Therefore, parents should also pay attention to strengthen the physical exercise of children, through play, running, rope skipping, kicking ball, swimming, skating and other activities to enhance their physique, reduce the probability of their colds.

???????保持健康的饮食习惯,饮食应均衡,食品不应过于精细,尽量多食粗粮,不可过饥过饱,肥腻、甜品、生冷之品可助湿生痰,不宜多食,建议多吃蔬果、鱼类、牛奶等易消化的食品。另外,中医学强调“上工治未病”,反复感冒的小儿多有面色苍白或萎黄、多汗、纳差等表现,平时可多进食健脾补肺之品,如芡实或莲子瘦肉汤、百合瘦肉汤、淮山白鲫鱼汤、太子参猪肉汤等。

? ?? ?? ?? Maintain healthy eating habits, eat a balanced diet, food should not be too fine, as much as possible to eat coarse grain, not too hungry and full, fat, sweet, cold products can help wet phlegm, should not eat more, it is recommended to eat more fruits and vegetables, fish, milk and other easily digestible food. In addition, traditional chinese medicine emphasizes that "work on the treatment of no disease ", repeated cold children have more pale or wilted yellow, sweating, anorexia and other manifestations, usually can eat more spleen tonic lung products, such as cornstarch or lotus seed lean meat soup, lily lean meat soup, huaishan white crucian carp soup, princeling pig broth.

???????足够的睡眠可使机体得到充分的休整,且在睡眠状态下体内生长激素释放增加,有利于身体的生长。因此家长应保证小儿有足够的睡眠时间,一般主张小儿每日的睡眠时间为11~12小时,并尽量做到定时睡觉、定时起床,形成良好的作息习惯。另外,早上起床后可用淡盐水漱口,以减少感染的机会。

? ?? ?? ?? Enough sleep allows the body to get adequate rest, and in the sleep state of the body growth hormone release increased, conducive to the growth of the body. Therefore, parents should ensure that children have enough sleep time, generally advocate that children's daily sleep time of 11 to 12 hours, and try to achieve regular sleep, regular up to form a good habit of rest. In addition, after getting up in the morning, use light salt water to gargle to reduce the chance of infection.

???????配合中医的小儿推拿和按摩方法可以防治反复感冒,如:在小儿鼻翼旁至两侧嘴角处,以成人指腹来回按摩,每侧按20~30次,每天2~3次;或用手掌在小儿后枕发脚上方按摩双侧风府穴,每次3~5分钟。

? ?? ?? ?? Children with traditional Chinese massage and massage methods can prevent and cure repeated colds, such as: in the children nasal wing to the corners of the mouth on both sides, with adult finger back and forth massage, each side of the 20~30 times,2~3 times a day; or with the palm in the child pillow hair foot massage bilateral Fengfu points,3~5 minutes each time.

???????家长切不可因为小儿体质差而盲目进补,不应让其服用人参、鹿茸、虫草等补品。应通过寻求医生的帮助,采用科学、合理的调理办法以达到增强体质的目的。(全媒体记者张青梅通讯员高三德)

? ?? ?? ?? Parents must not because of children's poor physique and blind tonic, should not let them take ginseng, deer antler, cordyceps and other supplements. It is necessary to seek the help of doctors and adopt scientific and reasonable conditioning methods to achieve the purpose of strengthening physique. (Media Reporter Zhang Qingmei Correspondent Senior Senior 3)


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